Is leg muscle strength correlated with functional balance and mobility among inpatients in geriatric rehabilitation?
2011 (English)In: Archives of gerontology and geriatrics (Print), ISSN 0167-4943, E-ISSN 1872-6976, Vol. 52, no 3, e220-e225 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Determinants of functional balance and mobility have rarely been investigated in geriatric wards. This study examined if leg muscle strength correlates to functional balance and mobility among geriatric inpatients. Fifty inpatients, 29 women and 21 men (mean age 79.6 years) were included. Functional balance was assessed with the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and mobility was assessed with the Physiotherapy Clinical Outcome Variable Scale (COVS). Strength in the leg extension muscles was measured as 1 Repetition Maximum (1RM) in a leg press and strength in the ankle muscles was measured with Medical Research Council grades (MRC, 0-5). The sum scores, and most of the single items, of the BBS and the COVS significantly correlated to 1RM/body weight, ankle dorsiflexion, and plantar flexion. In a stepwise multiple regression, ankle dorsiflexion and 1RM/body weight together accounted for 39% of the variance of the BBS and 41% of the variance of the COVS. Estimated values of the BBS and the COVS can be calculated from the equation. In clinical work, the knowledge about how leg muscle strength associates with balance and mobility may be useful in analyzing underlying causes of reduced balance and mobility function, and in planning rehabilitation programs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 52, no 3, e220-e225 p.
Leg muscle strength; Functional balance; Mobility; Rehabilitation; Hospital care of elderly patients
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-41225DOI: 10.1016/j.archger.2010.11.016PubMedID: 21156325OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-41225DiVA: diva2:405049