Reindeer management during the colonization of Sami lands: a long-term perspective of vulnerability and adaptation strategies
2011 (English)In: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 21, no 3, 1095-1105 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Reindeer husbandry’s strong connection to the land, together with the ongoing climate-change debate, has generated growing interest in its socio-ecological resilience and vulnerability. The ability of indigenous societies and their activities to respond to change is widely recognized to be dependent on several factors, such as socioeconomic forces and aspects of governance, all of which have long historical backgrounds. However, although historians constantly address questions about human societies, there have been very few historical studies on their resilience, vulnerability and adaptation strategies. Here, using historical sources, we analyze the vulnerability of reindeer husbandry (and the Sami societies that depended on it) in Sweden during the 19th century. We demonstrate that although reindeer management was a much more diverse enterprise at that time than it is now, the major adaptation strategy and constraining forces were similar to those of today. The foremost adaptation strategy was, and still is, the flexible use of pasture area, and the clearest constraints during the 19th century were the loss of authority over the land and the imposed regulation of reindeer management – both of which were strongly connected to the process of colonization.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 21, no 3, 1095-1105 p.
Adaptation, Reindeer management, Indigenous Peoples, Vulnerability, History, Sweden
Research subject History
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-41242DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.03.005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-41242DiVA: diva2:405266
Projects"Adaptations of natural resource-based communities to climatic and societal changes” funded by the Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (FORMAS)Umeå University Young Researcher Award