CD47 is required for suppression of allograft rejection by donor-specific transfusion
2010 (English)In: Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0022-1767, E-ISSN 1550-6606, Vol. 184, no 7, 3401-3407 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
CD47 is a ligand of the inhibitory receptor, signal regulatory protein (SIRP)alpha, and its interaction with SIRPalpha on macrophages prevents phagocytosis of autologous hematopoietic cells. CD47-SIRPalpha signaling also regulates dendritic cell (DC) endocytosis, activation, and maturation. In this study, we show that CD47 expression on donor cells plays an important role in suppression of allograft rejection by donor-specific transfusion (DST). DST was performed by i.v. injection of splenocytes from C57BL/6 donors into MHC class I-disparate bm1 mice 7 d prior to donor skin grafting. Administration of wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 donor splenocytes markedly prolonged donor skin survival in bm1 mouse recipients. In contrast, bm1 mice receiving DST from CD47 knockout (KO) donors showed no inhibition or even acceleration of donor skin graft rejection compared with non-DST control (naive) bm1 mice. T cells from bm1 mice receiving CD47 KO, but not WT, DST exhibited strong anti-donor responses. The ability of DST to suppress alloresponses was positively correlated with the density of CD47 molecules on donor cells, as CD47(+/-) DST was able to prolonged donor skin survival, but to a significantly less extent than WT DST. Furthermore, DCs from CD47 KO, but not WT, DST recipients showed rapid activation and contributed to donor skin rejection. These results show for the first time that CD47 on donor cells is required to repress recipient DC activation and suppress allograft rejection after DST, and suggest CD47 as a potential target for facilitating the induction of transplant tolerance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 184, no 7, 3401-3407 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-41353DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.0901550PubMedID: 20208011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-41353DiVA: diva2:405687