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"It should be an ordinary thing": a qualitative study about young people´s experiences of taking the HIV-test and getting the test result
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
2010 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, no 4, 678-683 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim:  Increased HIV-testing has public health benefits, but for youth there is a multitude of barriers against the test. The aim of this study is to explore how young women and men in Sweden experience HIV-testing within primary healthcare.

Method:  Six focus-group interviews were tape recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed according to qualitative content analysis.

Results:  Three themes emerged, describing how the informants were met before, during and after testing; ‘Obstacles accessing the clinic’– describes their perceptions on how to overcome different barriers and enter into primary health care. ‘Quick and easy testing’– describes perceptions of the testing procedure and ‘Conflicting and unclear information about test results’– describes inconsistencies concerning communication of the test result and a concern about ‘what would happen’ in the event of an HIV-positive finding. Most of these youth preferred the HIV-test ‘quick and easy’ and preferred a telephone referral of the test result. A minority of them worried about HIV, and they thought that the staff seemed to be unprepared for an HIV-positive test result.

Conclusion:  According to these youth, a quick and easy testing procedure together with a short pretest discussion may be sufficient and may also help normalising the testing practice. In a Swedish context, it may be common to see heterosexual youth as a risk-free population, and this perception may act as a barrier for HIV-testing and increase missed opportunities for early diagnose of HIV within primary care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 24, no 4, 678-683 p.
Keyword [en]
HIV-test; public health; qualitative content analysis; youth; primary care
National Category
Family Medicine
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-41380DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2009.00762.xISI: 000284121300007OAI: diva2:405729
Available from: 2011-03-23 Created: 2011-03-23 Last updated: 2012-04-02Bibliographically approved

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Christianson, MonicaJohansson, Eva E
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