Quantities of foods consumed by 12-to 24 month-old New Zealand children
2010 (English)In: Nutrition & Dietetics, ISSN 1747-0080, Vol. 67, no 4, 244-250 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: The present study aimed to estimate small, median and large daily quantities of frequently consumed foods and identify which food groups are important sources of key micronutrients for 12- to 24-month-old New Zealand children.
Methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in three cities in the South Island of New Zealand. Healthy toddlers (n = 188) were randomly selected using multistage sampling. Three non-consecutive 1-day weighed food records were collected from each child and the frequencies and daily quantities of foods and beverages, and important sources of iron and zinc, were determined.
Results: Fifty percent or more of the children consumed the following foods at least once over 3 days (median gram intake among toddlers who consumed the food): milk (366 g), white bread (29 g), banana (70 g), potato (34 g), cheese (12 g), apple (39 g), ‘Weetbix’ whole-wheat breakfast cereal (16 g), yeast extract spread (‘Marmite’, ‘Vegemite’) (2 g), carrot (17 g) and margarine (4 g). Dairy, cereals and the meat/fish/poultry/eggs/nuts food group were the most important sources of iron and zinc in the toddlers' diets, providing 69.1% of iron and 86.3% of zinc.
Conclusion: This research provides dietitians, other health professionals, researchers and policy-makers with detailed information on daily quantities of foods and beverages frequently consumed by toddlers that can be used for dietetic counselling, dietary assessment, and to develop food-based dietary guidelines specifically for toddlers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley , 2010. Vol. 67, no 4, 244-250 p.
food intake, food preference, infant, micronutrient, New Zealand
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-41627DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2010.01471.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-41627DiVA: diva2:407382