Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Swedish trade and trade policies towards Lebanon 1920-1965
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This licentiate thesis examines the development of Swedish–Lebanese trade relations and the changes of significance for Swedish trade towards Lebanon during the period 1920-1965. The aim of the study is to explore how Sweden as representing a small, open Western economy could develop its economic interests in the emerging Middle East market characterised both by promising economic outlooks, and a high degree of political instability during the age of decolonisation, Cold War logic, and intricate commercial and geo-political factors.

The study shows that the Swedish trade with Lebanon was very small during the Interwar period. It was neither possible to find any formal Swedish-Lebanese trade agreements before 1945. In the Post-War period, the promotion of Swedish trade and trade policies towards Lebanon witnessed more interests from the both parties. Two categories of explanations were found for the periods of 1946-53 and 1954-65 respectively. In the first period the Swedish-Lebanese trade developed in a traditional direction with manufactured goods being exported from Sweden and agricultural products being exported from Lebanon. Furthermore, there were no trade agreements between the two countries. In the second period, several Lebanese attempts were made to conclude bilateral trade agreement with Sweden in hope to change the traditional trade direction, and to improve the Lebanese balance of trade. Sweden was, however, convinced that Lebanon could never achieve a balanced foreign trade at least not on a bilateral basis. To maintain a fair access to the Lebanese market, the Swedish authorities avoided to conclude any trade agreement with Lebanon. Despite the Lebanese concern on the big trade deficit between the two countries, Sweden managed in increasing the trade volumes to the region of Middle East through the transit link of Lebanon.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för ekonomisk historia, Umeå universitet , 2011. , 91 p.
Occasional Papers in Economic History, ISSN 1653-7475 ; 17
Keyword [en]
International trade, international business, foreign trade, transit trade, export markets, trade policy
National Category
Economic History
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-41654ISBN: 978-91-7459-144-6OAI: diva2:407471
2011-02-10, Umeå Universitet, 09:00 (Swedish)
Available from: 2011-04-12 Created: 2011-03-30 Last updated: 2015-03-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2273 kB)1105 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2273 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hussein, Ahmad
By organisation
Department of Economic History
Economic History

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 1105 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 234 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link