Nesidioblastosis and islet cell changes related to endogenous hypergastrinemia.
1985 (English)In: Virchows Archiv. B, Cell pathology including molecular pathology, ISSN 0340-6075, Vol. 48, no 3, 261-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The endocrine pancreas from four hypergastrinemic patients with recurrent peptic ulceration has been studied by light and electron microscopy. Greatly increased numbers of ducts and centroacinar cells have been observed associated with a striking increase in the number of islets and endocrine cells scattered in the acinar tissue (nesidioblastosis). The islet cells scattered throughout the exocrine parenchyma are of all the known islet cell types, with a prevalence of B and especially A cells. Many islets, probably formed de novo, are of a considerable size, have irregular contours and are in close apposition to centroacinar cells and ducts. The degree of nesidioblastosis and islet hyperplasia does not seem to be related to the plasma gastrin levels. Cytological changes have also been found in the islet cells of the hypergastrinemic patients compared with controls. These changes mainly affect the B cells and consist of a striking decrease in the number of mature secretory granules associated with a fairly extended ergastoplasm and Golgi apparatus and with a relevant increase in the number of immature granules. In two of the four patients examined, who had more severe hypergastrinemia, cytological signs of enhanced secretion are also recognized in A cells. The features indicating hypersecretion of B and A cells seem to be related to the plasma gastrin levels. The above findings indicate that chronic endogenous hypergastrinemia promotes proliferation and differentiation of islet cells and stimulates the secretory function of B cells and, to a lesser extent, of A cells, thus providing evidence for a trophic and secretagogue action of gastrin on the endocrine pancreas.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1985. Vol. 48, no 3, 261-76 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-41745PubMedID: 2859699OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-41745DiVA: diva2:407722