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TBC-2 regulates RAB-5/RAB-7-mediated endosomal trafficking in Caenorhabditis elegans
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Molecular Medicine (UCMM). (Simon Tuck)
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2010 (English)In: Molecular Biology of the Cell, ISSN 1059-1524, E-ISSN 1939-4586, Vol. 21, no 13, 2285-2296 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During endosome maturation the early endosomal Rab5 GTPase is replaced with the late endosomal Rab7 GTPase. It has been proposed that active Rab5 can recruit and activate Rab7, which in turn could inactivate and remove Rab5. However, many of the Rab5 and Rab7 regulators that mediate endosome maturation are not known. Here, we identify Caenorhabditis elegans TBC-2, a conserved putative Rab GTPase-activating protein (GAP), as a regulator of endosome to lysosome trafficking in several tissues. We show that tbc-2 mutant animals accumulate enormous RAB-7-positive late endosomes in the intestine containing refractile material. RAB-5, RAB-7, and components of the homotypic fusion and vacuole protein sorting (HOPS) complex, a RAB-7 effector/putative guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), are required for the tbc-2(-) intestinal phenotype. Expression of activated RAB-5 Q78L in the intestine phenocopies the tbc-2(-) large late endosome phenotype in a RAB-7 and HOPS complex-dependent manner. TBC-2 requires the catalytic arginine-finger for function in vivo and displays the strongest GAP activity on RAB-5 in vitro. However, TBC-2 colocalizes primarily with RAB-7 on late endosomes and requires RAB-7 for membrane localization. Our data suggest that TBC-2 functions on late endosomes to inactivate RAB-5 during endosome maturation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Cell Biology , 2010. Vol. 21, no 13, 2285-2296 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-42132DOI: 10.1091/mbc.E09-11-0947ISI: 000279318100017PubMedID: 20462958OAI: diva2:408702
Available from: 2011-04-06 Created: 2011-04-06 Last updated: 2011-08-17Bibliographically approved

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