An S-phase specific release from a transcriptional block regulates the expression of mouse ribonucleotide reductase R2 subunit
1992 (English)In: EMBO Journal, ISSN 0261-4189, E-ISSN 1460-2075, Vol. 11, no 13, 4953-4959 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ribonucleotide reductase (RR) activity in mammalian cells is closely linked to DNA synthesis. The RR enzyme is composed of two non-identical subunits, proteins R1 and R2. Both proteins are required for holoenzyme activity, which is regulated by S-phase specific de novo synthesis and breakdown of the R2 subunit. In quiescent cells stimulated to proliferate and in elutriated cell populations enriched in the various cell cycle phases the R2 protein levels are correlated to R2 mRNA levels that are low in G0/G1-phase cells but increase dramatically at the G1/S border. Using an R2 promoter-luciferase reporter gene construct we demonstrate an unexpected early activation of the R2 promoter as cells pass from quiescence to proliferation. However, due to a transcriptional block, this promoter activation only results in very short R2 transcripts until cells enter the S-phase, when full-length R2 transcripts start to appear. The position for the transcriptional block was localized to a nucleotide sequence approximately 87 bp downstream from the first exon/intron boundary by S1 nuclease mapping of R2 transcripts from modified in vitro nuclear run-on experiments. These results identify blocking of transcription as a mechanism to control cell cycle regulated gene expression.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1992. Vol. 11, no 13, 4953-4959 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-42463PubMedID: 1464320OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-42463DiVA: diva2:409297