Pathogenetic and clinical aspects of the renal involvement in hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome.
1997 (English)In: Renal failure, ISSN 0886-022X, E-ISSN 1525-6049, Vol. 19, no 1, 1-14 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome is the most common clinical manifestation of hantavirus infection. The main target organ is the kidney, resulting in an interstitial hemorrhagic nephritis and sometimes acute tubular necrosis. The pathogenesis is still largely unknown, but several recent studies indicate an important role for immune mechanisms including increased expression of cytokines, for example, tumor necrosis factor. Immunohistochemical studies of kidney biopsies have revealed deposits of IgG, IgM, and C3, but deposits were significantly less numerous than in chronic immune complex disease. Since hantaviruses are not cytolytic, a direct detrimental effect of the infecting virus is less likely. The long-term prognosis of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome seems to be favorable, but there are reports that previous hantavirus infection is associated with an increased risk of hypertensive renal disease. Prospective longitudinal studies addressing this issue are underway.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 19, no 1, 1-14 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-42699PubMedID: 9044447OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-42699DiVA: diva2:410008