Distress after a single violent crime: how shame-proneness and event-related shame work together as risk factors for post-victimization symptoms
2011 (English)In: Psychological Reports, ISSN 0033-2941, Vol. 109, no 1, 3-23 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To increase understanding of post-victimization symptom development, the present study investigated the role of shame- and guilt-proneness and event-related shame and guilt as potential risk factors. 35 individuals (M age = 31.7 yr.; 48.5% women), recently victimized by a single event of severe violent crime, were assessed regarding shame- and guilt-proneness, event-related shame and guilt, and post-victimization symptoms. The mediating role of event-related shame was investigated with structural equation modeling (SEM), using bootstrapping. The guilt measures were unrelated to each other and to post-victimization symptoms. The shame measures were highly intercorrelated and were both positively correlated to more severe post-victimization symptom levels. Event-related shame as mediator between shame-proneness and post-victimization symptoms was demonstrated by prevalent significant indirect effects. Both shame measures are potent risk factors for distress after victimization, whereby part of the effect of shame-proneness on post-victimization symptoms is explained by event-related shame.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 109, no 1, 3-23 p.
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-42791OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-42791DiVA: diva2:410401