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Hospital admissions of young persons for illicit drug use or abuse: does neighborhood of residence matter?
Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
Centre for Research on Inner City Health,The Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St.Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Canada.
Faculty of Nursing, Department of Psychiatry and Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto,Toronto,Canada.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
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2011 (English)In: Health and Place, ISSN 1353-8292, Vol. 17, no 2, 551-557 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adolescence constitutes a period of risk for drug use and drug use disorders. Previous research, largely focused on individual risk factors, has failed to include neighborhood structure in the study of determinants of youth drug use or abuse. A cohort of 76,693 adolescents ages 13–15 from 586 urban neighborhoods in Sweden were followed up for 12 years, from age 16 to age 28. Multilevel modeling was used to analyze neighborhood variations in hospital admissions due to illicit drug use or abuse. We found a variation of 8% by neighborhood economic status and the risk of being admitted to hospital increased 73% in low-compared to high-income neighborhoods. Our results suggest that neighborhood of residence in adolescence plays a significant role in predicting future health-related behaviors and that the need for drug abuse interventions at a neighborhood level is compelling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 17, no 2, 551-557 p.
Keyword [en]
neighborhood, mental health, multilevel method, urban, youth
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-41672DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.12.013OAI: diva2:410441
Geographies of CareAvailable from: 2011-04-13 Created: 2011-03-31 Last updated: 2011-06-20Bibliographically approved

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