Regulation of sigma factor competition by the alarmone ppGpp
2002 (English)In: Genes & Development, ISSN 0890-9369, E-ISSN 1549-5477, Vol. 16, no 10, 1260-1270 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Many regulons controlled by alternative ç factors, including çs and ç32, are poorly induced in cells lacking the alarmone ppGpp. We show that ppGpp is not absolutely required for the activity of çs-dependent promoters because underproduction of ç70, specific mutations in rpoD (rpoD40 and rpoD35), or overproduction of Rsd (anti-ç70) restored expression from çs-dependent promoters in vivo in the absence of ppGpp accumulation. An in vitro transcription/competition assay with reconstituted RNA polymerase showed that addition of ppGpp reduces the ability of wild-type ç70 to compete with ç32 for core binding and the mutant ç70 proteins, encoded by rpoD40 and rpoD35, compete less efficiently than wild-type ç70. Similarly, an in vivo competition assay showed that the ability of both sigma(32) and sigma(S) to compete with sigma(70) is diminished in cells lacking ppGpp. Consistently, the fraction of çs and ç32 bound to core was drastically reduced in ppGpp-deficient cells. Thus, the stringent response encompasses a mechanism that alters the relative competitiveness of sigma factors in accordance with cellular demands during physiological stress.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CSH Press , 2002. Vol. 16, no 10, 1260-1270 p.
stringent response, ς factor competition, RpoD, RpoH, Rsd
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-43280DOI: 10.1101/gad.227902PubMedID: 12023304OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-43280DiVA: diva2:412727