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Crystallographic controls on uranyl binding at the quartz/water interface
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
2011 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 13, no 17, 7845-7851 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Molecular dynamics methods were used to simulate UO(2)(OH)(2)(0) binding to pairs of oxo sites (O(S)) on three low-index planes of α-SiO(2) in contact with water. Differences in binding site distributions on the (001), (010) and (101) planes produced distinct sets of stable U inner-sphere species. Steric constraints prevented bidentate coordination to the (001) surface, resulting in a mononuclear monodentate complex, [UO(2)(OH)(2)(H(2)O)(n)O(S)] (90% for n = 1 and 10% for n = 2 over 5 ns production runs). Binuclear bidentate coordination, [UO(2)(OH)(2)(H(2)O)(n)(O(S))(2)], was however favored on the (010) (99% for n = 0 and 1% for n = 1) and the (101) (72% for n = 0 and 28% for n = 1) planes. These results underscore a predominant four-coordinated equatorial shell for U when complexed to the quartz/water interface. Potential of mean force calculations uncovered a diversity of metastable outer- and inner-sphere complexes at local energy minima up to ∼0.4 nm from the surface. These calculations point to important differences in both energetic requirements and mechanisms for the approach of UO(2)(OH)(2)(0) to different quartz surfaces. Binding strengths are affected by binding site distribution, steric freedom, U hydration and OH orientation, and increase in the order (001) (3.7 kJ mol(-1)) < (101) (5.6 kJ mol(-1)) < (010) (6.5 kJ mol(-1)). A general binding mechanism involves (1) formation of monodentate outer-sphere complexes, (2) removal of oxo-bound waters, (3) formation of one (monodentate), then two (bidentate) direct U-O(S) bonds (inner-sphere), and (4) expulsion of excessive waters from the equatorial shell of U.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
RSC Publishing , 2011. Vol. 13, no 17, 7845-7851 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-43918DOI: 10.1039/c0cp01406kPubMedID: 21442093OAI: diva2:417291
Available from: 2011-05-16 Created: 2011-05-16 Last updated: 2011-05-16Bibliographically approved

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