Psychopathy (PCL-R) as a predictor of violent recidivism among criminal offenders with schizophrenia.
2000 (English)In: Law and human behavior, ISSN 0147-7307, E-ISSN 1573-661X, Vol. 24, no 1, 45-58 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Hare's Psychopathy Checklist--Revised (PCL-R) was used to test the hypothesis that psychopathy predicts violent recidivism in a cohort subjected to forensic psychiatric investigation and consisting of male violent offenders with schizophrenia (N = 202). Psychopathy was assessed with retrospective file-based ratings. Mean follow-up time after detainment was 51 months. Twenty-two percent of the offenders had a PCL-R score > or = 26 (cutoff), and the base rate for violent recidivism (reconvictions) during follow-up was 21%. Survival analysis revealed that psychopathy was strongly associated to violent recidivism (log-rank = 17.71, df = 1, p < 0.0001). The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) of PCL-R total score to predict violent recidivism varied between different time frames from .64 to .75. Cox regression analyses revealed that other potential risk factors could not equally well or better explain violent recidivism in the cohort than psychopathy as measured by PCL-R.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 24, no 1, 45-58 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-43945PubMedID: 10693318OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-43945DiVA: diva2:417321