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Borderline diagnosis from hospital records:  reliability and validity of Gunderson's diagnostic interview for Borderlines (DIB)
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
1985 (English)In: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, ISSN 0022-3018, E-ISSN 1539-736X, Vol. 173, no 1, 32-4 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two trained and experienced clinical psychologists and two nontrained students rated the sections in Gunderson's Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines (DIB) on the basis of hospital records for 16 patients (DIB-R). The results showed that both reliability and validity, i.e., correlations with an actual interview, were unexpectedly high, around .80 for the trained judges and around .55 for the nontrained judges. The conclusion is that the DIB may be used for retrospective diagnosis of borderline patients from hospital records.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1985. Vol. 173, no 1, 32-4 p.
National Category
Psychiatry Psychology
Research subject
Psychiatry; Psychology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-43960PubMedID: 3965609OAI: diva2:417347
Available from: 2011-05-16 Created: 2011-05-16 Last updated: 2015-03-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Clinical studies on the borderline concept with special reference to suicidal behavior
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Clinical studies on the borderline concept with special reference to suicidal behavior
1987 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The diagnostic concept of borderline personality has had various meanings throughout the last decades. From current clinical practice and research two principally different concepts have emerged: The syndrome concept of borderline personality disorder ( BPD ) as identified by the DSM-III or the Diagnostic Interview for Borderline (DIB) and the psychodynamic concept of borderline personality organization (BPO) as defined from the structural Interview (SI) by Otto Kernberg.

In the first part of the present study, the DIB, the SI and a percept-genetic test called Defense Mechanism test (DMT) have been utilized in a clinical study on psychiatric inpatients. In the second part completed suicides are studied among patients with borderline personality disorder.

Inter-rater reliability was satisfactory for the DIB both when utilized as a clinical interview and as a chart scoring instrument. Previous research findings concerning descriptive validity of the BPD concept were further supported. Fairly reliable scorings of personality organization could be made from the SI. BPO turned out to be a very inclusive concept and a subgroup (46%) also met criteria for BPD. By means of the DMT specific psychodynamic features were identified among patients with BPD which discriminated them from patients with other personality disorders or schizophrenic disorder. It is concluded, that there is empirical support to consider BPD a valid diagnostic entity. BPO should be conceptualized as a level of personality functioning rather than a diagnostic category and its validity remains to be proven.

Patients with BPD were not seriously overrepresented in a material of 145 psychiatric patients, suicided during inpatient care or shortly after discharge 1961 to 1980. The number and proportion of borderline patients, however, increased for every five- years-period. In an analysis of cases suicided during inpatient treatment, repressive/rejective behavior from staff was frequently observed. Risk factors were identified in comparative studies. Male sex, extensive earlier hospitalization, repressive/rejective staff behavior and frequent previous suicide attempts were associated with completed suicides. A specific pattern of psychological variables was identified among suicided borderline patients including antisocial traits, drug abuse and a less intense interpersonal attachment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 1987. 51 p.
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 204
National Category
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100571 (URN)
Public defence
1987-12-18, Psykiatriska klinikens föreläsningssal, KV, Regionsjukhuset i Umeå, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 09:15

Diss. (sammanfattning) Umeå : Umeå universitet, 1987, härtill 7 uppsatser.

Available from: 2015-03-16 Created: 2015-03-04 Last updated: 2015-04-09Bibliographically approved

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