The Nordic Study on schizophrenic patients living in the community. Subjective needs and perceived help.
2001 (English)In: European psychiatry, ISSN 0924-9338, Vol. 16, no 4, 207-14 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In a community sample of 418 persons diagnosed with schizophrenia, subjective needs and perceived help was measured by the Camberwell Assessment of Need (CAN). The mean number of reported needs was 6.2 and the mean number of unmet needs 2.6. The prevalence of needs varied substantially between the need areas from 3.6% ('telephone') to 84.0% ('psychotic symptoms'). The rate of satisfaction estimated as the percentage of persons satisfied with the help provided within an area varied between 20.0% ('telephone') and 80.6% ('food'). The need areas concerning social and interpersonal functioning demonstrated the highest proportion of unmet to total needs. In a majority of need areas the patients received more help from services than from relatives, but in the areas of social relations the informal network provided substantial help. In general the patients reported a need for help from services clearly exceeding the actual amount of help received. In a linear regression model symptom load (BPRS) and impaired functioning (GAF) were significant predictors of the need status, explaining 30% of the variance in total needs and 20% of the variance in unmet needs. It is concluded that the mental health system fails to detect and alleviate needs in several areas of major importance to schizophrenic patients. Enhanced collaboration between the care system and the informal network to systematically map the need profile of the patients seems necessary to minimise the gap between perceived needs and received help.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 16, no 4, 207-14 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-44046PubMedID: 11418270OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-44046DiVA: diva2:417731