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Kosterlitz-Thouless transition of magnetic dipoles on thetwo-dimensional plane
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
Department of Physics, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Republic of Korea.
2011 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 83, no 18, 184409-5 p p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The universality class of a phase transition is often determined by factorslike dimensionality and inherent symmetry. We study the magneticdipole system in which the ground-state symmetry and the underlying latticestructure are coupled to each other in an intricate way. A two-dimensional(2D)square-lattice system of magnetic dipoles undergoes an order-disorder phasetransition belonging to the 2D Ising universality class.According to Prakash and Henley [Phys. Rev. B {\bf 42}, 6572 (1990)], this can berelated to the fourfold-symmetric ground states which suggests a similarityto the four-state clock model. Provided that this type ofsymmetry connection holds true, the magnetic dipoles on a honeycomb lattice,which possess sixfold-symmetric ground states, should exhibit aKosterlitz-Thouless transition in accordance with the six-state clock model.This is verified through numerical simulations in the present investigation.However, it is pointed out that this symmetry argument does not alwaysapply, which suggests that factors other than symmetry can be decisive forthe universality class of the magnetic dipole system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
APS , 2011. Vol. 83, no 18, 184409-5 p p.
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
Theoretical Physics; Solid State Physics
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-44071DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.83.184409OAI: diva2:417858
Swedish Research Council, 621-2008-4449
Available from: 2011-05-18 Created: 2011-05-18 Last updated: 2011-05-18Bibliographically approved

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