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The effect on the temporary threshold shift in hearing acuity from combined exposure to authentic noise and hand-arm vibration
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
2011 (English)In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 84, no 8, 951-957 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined and compared the effect on temporary threshold shift in hearing (TTS) in healthy subjects of noise and hand-arm vibration (HAV) combined and separately using controlled and authentic exposure conditions. This study also investigated the effect on TTS in hearing in relation to gender after such exposures.

Twenty-two healthy subjects (11 men/women, mean age 22 years, range 18-31 years) were exposed both separately and in combination with HAV (6.7 m/s(2)), using vibrating handles and to noise (99dB(A)) using headphones, for 20 min. The HAV and noise were reproduced from recordings from angular grinder in operation. Hearing thresholds at 1, 4, and 8 kHz were measured before and up to 30 min after exposure. 

Combined exposure to noise and HAV created significantly greater TTS in hearing than HAV exposure at 4 and 8 kHz alone. After exposure to HAV, there was no significant change in hearing threshold. At 1 kHz, there was a significant difference between noise and HAV exposure in TTS in hearing. There was no significant difference between combined exposure and noise exposure for any test frequency. There was no significant difference in TTS in hearing in relation to gender for 1, 4, and 8 kHz for HAV, noise, or a combined exposure.

The results indicate that there is no difference in the TTS in hearing after combined exposure compared to noise exposure alone. HAV exposure did not change the hearing threshold. The TTS in hearing did not differ significantly in relation to gender after HAV, noise, or combined exposure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Springer, 2011. Vol. 84, no 8, 951-957 p.
Keyword [en]
Hand-arm vibration (HAV), Noise, Temporary threshold shift (TTS), Gender, Combined exposure
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-44083DOI: 10.1007/s00420-011-0635-6PubMedID: 21499793OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-44083DiVA: diva2:418044
Available from: 2011-05-19 Created: 2011-05-19 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Risk of hearing loss from combined exposure to hand-arm vibrations and noise
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk of hearing loss from combined exposure to hand-arm vibrations and noise
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Hearing loss from noise exposure is one of the most common occupational injuries, and exposure to vibrations may increase the risk of noise-induced hearing loss. Earlier cross-sectional and longitudinal studies found an increased risk of noise-induced hearing loss among workers with vibration-induced white fingers (VWF) symptoms compared to workers without such symptoms. It has been suggested that vibrations to the hand stimulate the sympathetic nervous system and cause vasoconstriction in both the exposed hand and the ears and that this contributes to noise-induced hearing loss. The overall aim of this thesis was to examine how hand-arm vibrations (HAV) interact with noise in the development of noise-induced hearing loss.

The experimental study in this thesis examined the effects of HAV and noise, both separately and combined, on the temporary threshold shift (TTS) in hearing in 22 healthy male and female subjects. The two longitudinal studies in this thesis were based on a cohort of 189 male workers at a heavy engineering workshop. The first cohort study examined the risk of noise-induced hearing loss from long-term exposure to HAV and noise. The second cohort study examined if workers with VWF had an increased risk of noise-induced hearing loss compared to workers without such symptoms. Finally, the questionnaire study in this thesis examined the occurrence of Raynaud’s phenomenon among 133 men and women with noise-induced hearing loss in relation to exposure to vibrations.

In the experimental study, no differences in TTS in hearing were observed after combined exposure to HAV and noise compared to exposure to only noise. In the first cohort study, there was an increased risk of noise-induced hearing loss with increased exposure to HAV in a noisy environment. In the second cohort study, it was found that workers with VWF had an increased risk of noise-induced hearing loss compared to workers without VWF. In the questionnaire study, many men and women with noise-induced hearing loss had used hand-held vibrating machines suggesting that vibrations might contribute to noise-induced hearing loss. A high prevalence of Raynaud’s phenomenon was found among men.

This thesis demonstrated that there was a long-term effect on noise-induced hearing loss from combined exposure to noise and HAV, but no short-term effect, and that having Raynaud’s phenomenon may also increase the risk of noise-induced hearing loss.

Abstract [sv]

Många arbetare använder sig av handhållna vibrerande verktyg. Det utsätter dem för höga nivåer av både buller och vibrationer. Människor som utsätts för höga bullernivåer under lång tid kan skada sin hörsel. Risken för hörselnedsättning orsakad av buller kan eventuellt öka om personen samtidigt är utsatt för vibrationer från handhållna vibrerande verktyg. Syftet med avhandlingen var att studera om vibrationer i kombination med buller ökar risken för hörselnedsättning.

Avhandlingen består av fyra studier. Den första studien är en experimentell studie med 22 friska deltagare med god hörsel. Denna studie undersökte hur hörseln tillfälligt påverkas av buller och vibrationer, separat och i kombination. Den andra och tredje studien bygger på en population bestående av 189 verkstadsarbetare i Sundsvall som följts regelbundet sedan 1987. Den andra studien undersökte om det finns en ökad risk för hörselnedsättning för arbetare som utsätts för buller och vibrationer under lång tid. Den tredje studien undersökte om arbetare med vita fingrar har en ökad risk för hörselnedsättning än arbetare utan vita fingrar.

Vita fingrar är en kärlskada orsakad av vibrationer som gör att fingrarna reagerar onormalt snabbt på kyla. Fingrarna blir vita när blodtillförseln till dem stryps. Den fjärde studien är en enkätstudie med 342 kvinnor och män som har en bekräftad hörselnedsättning orsakad av buller. Studien undersökte hur många ur denna grupp som utsätts för vibrationer samt har vita fingrar.

Resultaten från studierna visar att det inte finns någon skillnad i hörselpåverkan från buller och vibrationer i kombination jämfört med enbart buller under kort tid. De som utsätts för vibrationer från handhållna vibrerande verktyg i en bullrig miljö under lång tid har en ökad risk för hörselnedsättning. Arbetare med vita fingrar har en högre risk för hörselnedsättning än de utan. En hög andel av de med hörselnedsättning orsakad av buller använder sig av handhållna vibrerande verktyg. I studien fanns även en hög andel med vita fingrar.

Sammanfattningsvis visar resultaten att det finns en långtidseffekt av buller och vibrationer på hörselnedsättning men inte någon korttidseffekt, och att vita fingrar kan påverka risken för hörselnedsättning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2013. 48 p.
Series
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1546
Keyword
Hearing loss, noise, hand-arm vibration, combined exposure, vibration induced white fingers, Raynaud's phenomenon
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Research subject
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-64191 (URN)978-91-7459-543-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-02-22, Triple Helix, Samverkanhuset, Universitetstorget 4, Umeå, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-01-23 Created: 2013-01-18 Last updated: 2014-07-08Bibliographically approved

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