CT substitute derived from MRI sequences with ultrashort echo time
2011 (English)In: Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, Vol. 38, no 5, 2708-2714 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: Methods for deriving computed tomography (CT) equivalent information from MRI are needed for attenuation correction in PET/MRI applications, as well as for patient positioning and dose planning in MRI based radiation therapy workflows. This study presents a method for generating a drop in substitute for a CT image from a set of magnetic resonance (MR)images.
Methods:A Gaussian mixture regression model was used to link the voxel values in CT images to the voxel values in images from three MRI sequences: one T2 weighted 3D spin echo based sequence and two dual echo ultrashort echo time MRI sequences with different echo times and flip angles. The method used a training set of matched MR and CT data that after training was able to predict a substitute CT (s-CT) based entirely on the MR information for a new patient. Method validation was achieved using datasets covering the heads of five patients and applying leave-one-out cross-validation (LOOCV). During LOOCV, the model was estimated from the MR and CT data of four patients (training set) and applied to the MR data of the remaining patient (validation set) to generate an s-CT image. This procedure was repeated for all five training and validation data combinations.
Results: The mean absolute error for the CT number in the s-CT images was 137 HU. No large differences in method accuracy were noted for the different patients, indicating a robust method. The largest errors in the s-CT images were found at air–tissue and bone–tissue interfaces. The model accurately discriminated between air and bone, as well as between soft tissues and nonsoft tissues.
Conclusions: The s-CT method has the potential to provide an accurate estimation of CT information without risk of geometrical inaccuracies as the model is voxel based. Therefore, s-CT images could be well suited as alternatives to CT images for dose planning in radiotherapy and attenuation correction in PET/MRI.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Association of Physicists in Medicine , 2011. Vol. 38, no 5, 2708-2714 p.
magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography substitute, ultrashort echo time, Gaussian mixture, dose calculation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-44330DOI: 10.1118/1.3578928OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-44330DiVA: diva2:420202