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Using hierarchical linear models to test differences in Swedish results from OECD's PISA 2003: integrated and subject-specific science education
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik, Härnösand.
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik, Härnösand.
2007 (English)In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, no 2, 121-131 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The possible effects of different organisations of the science curriculum in schools participating in PISA 2003 are tested with a hierarchical linear model (HLM) of two levels. The analysis is based on science results. Swedish schools are free to choose how they organise the science curriculum. They may choose to work subject-specifically (with Biology, Chemistry and Physics), integrated (with Science) or to mix these two. In this study, all three ways of organising science classes in compulsory school are present to some degree. None of the different ways of organising science education displayed statistically significant better student results in scientific literacy as measured in PISA 2003. The HLM model used variables of gender, country of birth, home language, preschool attendance, an economic, social and cultural index as well as the teaching organisation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Härnösand: Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för teknik, fysik och matematik , 2007. no 2, 121-131 p.
Keyword [en]
Science education
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
educational work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-44927OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-44927DiVA: diva2:423132
Available from: 2011-06-14 Created: 2011-06-14 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Defining integrated science education and putting it to test
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Defining integrated science education and putting it to test
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis is made up by four studies, on the comprehensive theme of integrated and subject-specific science education in Swedish compulsory school. A literature study on the matter is followed by an expert survey, then a case study and ending with two analyses of students' science results from PISA 2003 and PISA 2006. The first two studies explore similarities and differences between integrated and subject-specific science education, i.e. Science education and science taught as Biology, Chemsitry and Physics respectively. The two following analyses of PISA 2003 and PISA 2006 data put forward the question whether there are differences in results of students' science literacy scores due to different types of science education.

The expert survey compares theories of integration to the Swedish science education context. Also some difference in intention, in the school case study, some slight differences in the way teachers plan the science education  are shown, mainly with respect to how teachers involve students in their planning.

The statistical analysis of integrated and subject-specific science education comparing students' science results from PISA 2003 shows no difference between students or between schools. The analysis of PISA 2006, however, shows small differences between girls' results with integrated and subject-specific science education both in total scores and in the three scientific literacy competencies. No differences in boys' results are shown on different science education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Norrköping: Swedish National Graduate School in Science and Technology Education, FontD, 2008. 75 p.
Series
Studies in science and technology education, ISSN 1652-5051, (Print) ; 26
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
didactics of natural science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-44858 (URN)978-91-7393-770-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-11-11, Olof Högberssalen, Mittuniversitetet, Campus Härnösand, Härnösand, 10:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-06-14 Created: 2011-06-14 Last updated: 2011-06-14Bibliographically approved
2. Integrated and subject-specific: an empirical exploration of science education in Swedish compulsory school
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrated and subject-specific: an empirical exploration of science education in Swedish compulsory school
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is an explorative experimental study in two parts of different ways of organising Science education in the Swedish context. The first study deals with the question if students attain higher scores on test results if they have been working with integrated Science compared to subject-specific Science i.e. Biology, Chemistry and Physics. The second study concerns the similarities and differences between integrated Science education and Science education in Biology, Chemistry and Physics, especially in the teaching organisation.

The introduction describes the nature of integrated curriculum, what integrated learning is, issues about integrated Science education, in what way integration is carried out, between subjects or within subjects, what the opposite to integrated Science is (here named as  subjectspecific science education) in the Swedish context and what the Swedish curriculum has to say about integrated Science. Previous studies in integrated curriculum looking at students’ results are referred to, and it is argued for the use of the OECD’s PISA assessment instrument in this study.

The thesis consists of two studies, one quantitative and one qualitative, within the above framework. The quantitative study is an attempt to find differences in scores on students’ written results on a large-scale assessment in scientific literacy between students studying in different organisations of Science education. The qualitative study is an attempt to  describe differences at classroom level between integrated Science and subject-specific Science. This gives a quite rich description of four schools (cases) in a small town and how they organise their teaching integrated or subject-specific.

No differences in students’ results between different Science organisations were found in the quantitative study in this thesis. Possible explanations for the lack of differences in students’ results are discussed in the article. An additional investigation that attempts to test the variable used in the quantitative study is carried out in the thesis, with an attempt to sharpen the teacher organisation variable. This is done to find out if it is possible that there can be found differences with the sharpened variable.

The qualitative study gives a glimpse of some differences in the implemented curriculum between schools working with integrated Science education and a school that works subjectspecifically. The teachers do the overall lesson plans in different ways according to which organisation according to integrated or subject-specific Science they work with. When asked in a survey what kind of Science organisation they have, students from the four schools studied answered differently between schools and also, sometimes, within the same school. A further analysis of this second study is carried out by defining a conceptual framework used as structure and a possible explanation for differences between students’ views and teachers’ views on the organisation of Science education. This latter analysis tries to give an enriched description in mainly the two levels of the implemented and attained curricula, and tries to discuss the difference in students’ attained curriculum.

A final discussion concludes the thesis and concerns an elaboration of the results of the thesis, problems with the main variable involved in the two studies and the possibility that the teacher actions effects also the magnitude of students’ achievement on tests.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Norrköping: Swedish National Graduate School in Science and Technology Education, FontD, 2007. 43 p.
Series
Studies in science and technology education, ISSN 1652-5051, (Print) ; 5
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
didactics of natural science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-44856 (URN)978-91-85715-59-6 (ISBN)
Presentation
2007-01-31, O111, Mittuniversitetet, Campus Härnösand, Gånsviksv. 2,, Härnösand, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-06-14 Created: 2011-06-14 Last updated: 2011-06-14Bibliographically approved

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