A phosphoglycerate to inorganic phosphate ratio is the major factor in controlling starch levels in chloroplasts via ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase regulation
1999 (English)In: FEBS Letters, ISSN 0014-5793, E-ISSN 1873-3468, Vol. 448, no 1, 153-156 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purified barley leaf ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase, a key enzyme of the starch synthesis in the chloroplast stroma, was analysed with respect to its possible regulation by factors defining the metabolic/effector status of the chloroplast during light and dark conditions. The enzyme required 3-phosphoglyceric acid for the maximal activity and was inhibited by inorganic phosphate. The optimal pH for the enzyme was at circa 7.0, regardless of the presence or absence of 3-phosphoglyceric acid, whereas the maximal activation by 3-phosphoglyceric acid was observed at pH 8.5 and higher. Changes in the concentration of Mg2+ and dithiothreitol had little or no effect on the enzymatic activity of AGPase. It has been directly demonstrated for the first time that a 3-phosphoglyceric acid/inorganic phosphate ratio, a crucial regulatory parameter, could be directly related to a defined activation state of the enzyme, allowing the prediction of a relative AGPase activity under given conditions. The predicted changes in the enzyme activity were directly correlated with earlier reported responses of starch levels to the 3-phosphoglyceric acid/inorganic phosphate ratio in chloroplasts. Consequences of this for the starch biosynthesis are discussed. (C) 1999 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 448, no 1, 153-156 p.
allosteric effector, light regulation, photosynthesis, starch synthesis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-44742ISI: 000079750100034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-44742DiVA: diva2:424408