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Emissions of unintentional persistent organic pollutants from open burning of municipal solid waste from developing countries
POPs Research Centre, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.
UNEP/DTIE Chemicals Branch, 11-13, Chemin des Anémones, CH-1219 Châtelaine (GE), Switzerland.
POPs Research Centre, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.
Instituto Nacional de Ecología – CENICA, 09340 México DF, Mexico.
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2011 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 84, no 7, 994-1001 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Open burning of waste is the most significant source of polychlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDF) in many national inventories prepared pursuant to the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. This is particularly true for developing countries. Emission factors for POPs such as PCDD/PCDF, dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCB) and penta- and hexachlorobenzenes (PeCBz/HCB) from open burning of municipal solid waste in China and Mexico are reported herein. Six different waste sources were studied varying from urban-industrial to semi-urban to rural. For PCDD/PCDF, the emission factors to air ranged from 3.0 to 650ngTEQkg(-1)waste and for dl-PCB from 0.092 to 54ngTEQkg(-1)waste. Emission factors for PeCBz (17-1200ngkg(-1)waste) and HCB (24-1300ngkg(-1)waste) spanned a wide but similar range. Within the datasets there is no indication of significant waste composition effect on emission factor with the exception of significantly higher Mexico rural samples.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Science , 2011. Vol. 84, no 7, 994-1001 p.
Keyword [en]
PCDD/F, ash, degradation, thermal treatment, ash composition
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-45038DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.04.070PubMedID: 21624634OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-45038DiVA: diva2:424734
Available from: 2011-06-20 Created: 2011-06-20 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Marklund, Stellan

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