Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Making A Green Machine: The Infrastructure of Beverage Container Recycling
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. (USSTE)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3696-4189
2011 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Consider an empty bottle or can, one of the hundreds of billions of beverage containers that are discarded worldwide every year. Empty containers have been at the center of intense political controversies, technological innovation processes, and the modern environmental movement. Making a Green Machine examines the development of the Scandinavian beverage container deposit-refund system, which has the highest return rates in the world, from 1970 to present. Finn Arne Jørgensen investigates the challenges the system faced when exported internationally and explores the critical role of technological infrastructures and consumer convenience in modern recycling. His comparative framework charts the complex network of business and political actors involved in the development of the reverse vending machine (RVM) and bottle deposit legislation to better understand the different historical trajectories empty beverage containers have taken across markets, including the U.S. The RVM has served as more than a hole in the wall--it began simply as a tool for grocers who had to handle empty refillable glass bottles, but has become a green machine to redeem the empty beverage container, helping both business and consumers participate in environmental actions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press , 2011. , 208 p.
, Studies in Modern Science, Technology, and the Environment
National Category
History of Technology History of Technology History of Technology
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-43874ISBN: 978-0-8135-5054-1OAI: diva2:425183
Available from: 2011-06-20 Created: 2011-05-13 Last updated: 2014-08-22

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Rutgers University Press website

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Jørgensen, Finn Arne
By organisation
Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies
History of TechnologyHistory of TechnologyHistory of Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 56 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link