In vivo skin measurements with a novel probe head for simultaneous skin impedance and near-infrared spectroscopy
2011 (English)In: Skin research and technology, ISSN 0909-752X, E-ISSN 1600-0846, Vol. 17, no 4, 494-504 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background/purpose: Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and skin impedance (IMP) measurements are useful techniques for objective diagnostics of various skin diseases. Here, we present a combined probe head for simultaneous, time-saving NIR spectroscopy and skin impedance measurements. The probe also ensures that both measurements are performed under equal conditions and at the same skin location.
Methods: Finite element method simulations were performed for evaluation of the impedance. In vivo skin measurements were performed and combined NIR and impedance spectra were analysed by means of multivariate methods with respect to body location, age and gender. The classification rate was determined by a planar discriminant analysis. Reproducibility was investigated by calculation of scatter values and statistical significance between overlapping groups was assessed by the calculation of intra-model distances, q.
Results: The novel probe yielded rapid reproducible results and was easy to manage. Significant differences between skin locations and to a lesser extent age groups and gender were demonstrated.
Conclusion: With the novel probe, statistically significant differences between overlapping classes in score plots can be confirmed by calculating intra-model distances. The influence of molecular differences in the skin at different body locations is larger than the influence of gender or age and therefore relevant reference measurements are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley , 2011. Vol. 17, no 4, 494-504 p.
near-infrared spectroscopy, skin impedance, probe development, PCA, PLS-DA, in vivo skin measurement, non-invasive, age, gender, skin characteristics
Dermatology and Venereal Diseases Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-45029DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0846.2011.00524.xPubMedID: 21492242OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-45029DiVA: diva2:425787