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Origins and metabolism of formate in higher plants
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC). (Leszek Kleczkowski)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8685-9665
1999 (English)In: Plant physiology and biochemistry (Paris), ISSN 0981-9428, Vol. 37, no 7-8, 503-513 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Formate, a simple one-carbon compound, is readily metabolized in plant tissues. In greening potato tubers, similar to some procaryotes, formate is directly synthesized via a ferredoxin-dependent fixation of CO2, serving as the main precursor for carbon skeletons in biosynthetic pathways. In other plant species and tissues, formate appears as a side-product of photorespiration and of fermentation pathways, but possibly also as a product of direct CO2 reduction in chloroplasts. Formate metabolism is closely related to serine synthesis and to all subsequent reactions originating from serine. Formate may have a role in biosynthesis of numerous compounds, in energetic metabolism and in si,signal transduction pathways related to stress response. This review summarizes the current state of formate research, physiological/biochemical and molecular aspects. (C) Elsevier, Paris.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 37, no 7-8, 503-513 p.
Keyword [en]
C1-metabolism, formate, glyoxylate, photorespiration, photosynthesis, tetrahydrofolates
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-44740ISI: 000082508500001OAI: diva2:426353
Available from: 2011-06-23 Created: 2011-06-09 Last updated: 2015-04-29

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