Inhalation of alkylating mustard causes long-term T cell-dependent inflammation in airways and growth of connective tissue
2011 (English)In: Toxicology, ISSN 0300-483X, E-ISSN 1879-3185, Vol. 280, no 3, 88-97 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Low-dose exposure of alkylating mustard gas causes long-term respiratory complications characterized by bronchitis and lung fibrosis. In this study, we utilized a mouse model for lung exposure of the nitrogen mustard melphalan, in order to define early and late events in the pathogenesis such as expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, recruitment of inflammatory cells to airways and late-phase fibrosis. We investigated the roles of different T lymphocyte subsets on the inflammatory response by using knockout mice lacking either the genes expressing T cell receptor (TCR)αβ or TCRγδ, and compared the responsiveness with that of wild type mice and double knockout mice completely deficient in T cells. Exposure to melphalan induced an early burst of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and IL-23 in airways, followed by extensive infiltration of neutrophils in the lung tissue and airways within 24h. The acute phase was followed by a sustained lymphocytic response that persisted for at least 14 days with resulting lung fibrosis. Engagement of T lymphocytes, particularly the γδ T cell subset, was crucial both for the acute cytokine and neutrophil response and for the late-phase lung fibrosis as indicated by the lack of response in γδ T cell deficient mice. Our data demonstrate that T lymphocytes play a prominent role in the pathogenesis of long-term lung injuries caused by strong alkylating agents.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2011. Vol. 280, no 3, 88-97 p.
Alkylating mustard, T lymphocytes, γδ T cells, Airway inflammation
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-45890DOI: 10.1016/j.tox.2010.11.012PubMedID: 21129433OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-45890DiVA: diva2:435667