Probing the interaction mode in hydrophilic interaction chromatography
2011 (English)In: Journal of Chromatography A, ISSN 0021-9673, E-ISSN 1873-3778, Vol. 1218, no 35, 5880-5891 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This work aims at characterizing interactions between a select set of probes and 22 hydrophilic and polar commercial stationary phases, to develop an understanding of the relationship between the chemical properties of those phases and their interplay with the eluent and solutes in hydrophilic interaction chromatography. "Hydrophilic interaction" is a somewhat inexact term, and an attempt was therefore made to characterize the interactions involved in HILIC as hydrophilic, hydrophobic, electrostatic, hydrogen bonding, dipole-dipole, π-π interaction, and shape-selectivity. Each specific interaction was quantified from the separation factors of a pair of similar substances of which one had properties promoting the interaction mode being probed while the other did not. The effects of particle size and pore size of the phases on retention and selectivity were also studied. The phases investigated covered a wide range of surface functional groups including zwitterionic (sulfobetaine and phosphocholine), neutral (amide and hydroxyl), cationic (amine), and anionic (sulfonic acid and silanol). Principal component analysis of the data showed that partitioning was a dominating mechanism for uncharged solutes in HILIC. However, correlations between functional groups and interactions were also observed, which confirms that the HILIC retention mechanism is partly contributed by adsorption mechanisms involving electrostatic interaction and multipoint hydrogen bonding. Phases with smaller pore diameters yielded longer retention of solutes, but did not significantly change the column selectivities. The particle diameter had no significant effect, neither on retention, nor on the selectivities. An increased water content in the eluent reduced the multipoint hydrogen bonding interactions, while an increased electrolyte concentration lowered the selectivities of the tested columns and made their interaction patterns more similar.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2011. Vol. 1218, no 35, 5880-5891 p.
hydrophilic-interaction chromatography, retention factors, selectivity, column classification, partial least squares
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-46063DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2011.06.037PubMedID: 21803363OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-46063DiVA: diva2:436902