umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The direct Myc target Pim3 cooperates with other Pim kinases in supporting viability of Myc-induced B-cell lymphomas
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Science and Technology).
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Science and Technology). (Department of Medical Microbiology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, People's Republic of China)
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Science and Technology).
Department of Pathology, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
Show others and affiliations
2011 (English)In: Oncotarget, ISSN 1949-2553, Vol. 2, no 6, 448-460 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Pim kinases are weak oncogenes. However, when co-expressed with a strong oncogene, such as c-Myc, Pim kinases potentiate the oncogenic effect resulting in an acceleration of tumorigenesis. In this study we show that the least studied Pim kinase, Pim-3, is encoded by a gene directly regulated by c-Myc via binding to one of the conserved E-boxes within the Pim3 gene. Accordingly, lymphomas arising in Myc-transgenic mice and Burkitt lymphoma cell lines exhibit elevated levels of Pim-3. Interestingly, inhibition of Pim kinases by a novel pan-Pim kinase inhibitor, Pimi, in Myc-induced lymphoma results in cell death that appears independent of caspases. The data indicate that Pim kinase inhibition could be a viable treatment strategy in certain human lymphomas that rely on Pim-3 kinase expression.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Albany, N.Y.: Impact Journals , 2011. Vol. 2, no 6, 448-460 p.
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-46326DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.283ISI: 000293510200005PubMedID: 21646687OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-46326DiVA: diva2:437885
Available from: 2011-08-30 Created: 2011-08-30 Last updated: 2017-01-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Assessment of therapeutic targets in experimental models of Myc-induced lymphoma
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessment of therapeutic targets in experimental models of Myc-induced lymphoma
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Myc transcription factor activates expression of genes that promote cellular functions such as proliferation and cell growth. The deregulated Myc expression, characteristic for the tumor cell, also activates apoptosis, which selects for additional genetic changes deactivating the induced cell death. However, the continuous overexpression of Myc can also be a liability for a tumor, which can be taken advantage of in cancer treatment.  In Paper I, we describe a new way of using the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor Decitabine, in treating Myc overexpressing tumors. We show that Decitabine treatment activates cell death by reactivating silenced tumor suppressors such as Puma, but also by inducing DNA damage. Decitabine treatment of Myc driven lymphomas is also shown to prolong disease free survival in mouse models. Myc driven transformation requires a collaborative deregulation of genes. The family of Pim kinases has been shown to collaborate with Myc in tumorigenesis. In Paper II, we show that the Pim-3 kinase protein is highly expressed in many Myc overexpressing lymphomas from Myc transgenic mice as well as human Burkitt Lymphoma samples. The Pim-3 locus is shown to interact with the Myc protein and be a direct target for Myc activated transcription. Additionally, we demonstrate that the Pim kinase inhibitor, Pimi, targeting the Pim kinase family (Pim-1, Pim-2 and Pim-3), induce a cell death that is mediated by, but not dependent on caspase activity. The Pimi induced cell death was potentiated when combined with RNAi knockdown of the casein kinase II (CK2) protein.  In paper III, we describe the development of a somatic mouse model for lymphomagenesis, utilizing the RCAS-tva technology. We show that primary B cells from these mice are transducible and transformed when infected with a combination of RCAS- HA tagged Myc, KRasV12D and human Bcl-XL virus. In conclusion, we show that the labile milieu created by the deregulated expression of Myc facilitates new approaches in treatment of Myc overexpressing tumors. Also, our new tva mouse model show promise in modeling lymphomagenesis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, Department of Molecular Biology, 2011. 123 p.
Keyword
Cancer, Myc, Decitabine, Pim kinase, RCAS-tva
National Category
Neurosciences
Research subject
Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-46534 (URN)978-91-7459-283-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-09-28, Major Groove, Building 6L, Umeå University, Umeå, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-09-07 Created: 2011-09-05 Last updated: 2011-09-26Bibliographically approved
2. Examining the role of metabolism in Myc-driven tumorigenesis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Examining the role of metabolism in Myc-driven tumorigenesis
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Myc transcriptionally regulates genes involved in processes such as cell proliferation, metabolism, differentiation, and angiogenesis.  MYC expression is deregulated in many types of human cancer; therefore discovering the mechanisms behind MYCs role in tumorigenesis is essential.  In this dissertation, I have focused on several Myc target genes, Spermidine synthase (Srm); Lactate dehydrogenase (Ldh); 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (Phgdh); Serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) 1 and 2; and Pim-3 (a member of the Pim family of serine/threonine kinases).  These enzymes play a role in various functions: Spermidine synthase (polyamine synthesis); Lactate dehydrogenase (glycolysis); Phgdh and Shmt (serine metabolism); and Pim-3 (cell signaling).  In order to elucidate the impact Myc over-expression has on metabolism in tumorigenesis, we use human cell lines, and transgenic mice as well as cell lines and tissues derived from these mice.  The impact of inhibition of these target genes on Myc-driven tumorigenesis was done by genetically inhibiting the target gene (using RNAi or mouse models) or inhibiting the protein with a chemical inhibitor.  Investigating these Myc target genes will help determine if inhibition of Myc target genes is a viable approach for chemotherapeutics, and under what conditions this inhibition may be the most valuable.  In paper I, we examine SRM; a highly expressed enzyme in the polyamine synthesis pathway that converts putrescine to spermidine, and is important for actively growing cells.  Genetic inhibition via RNAi against Srm, or chemical inhibition of Srm, resulted in decreased proliferation of B-cell tumor lines from transgenic mice in vitroIn vivo treatment of λ-Myc transgenic mice with a chemical SRM inhibitor exhibited a significant chemopreventative effect on tumor formation. These results support previous findings that inhibition of polyamine synthesis pathway enzymes has a place in cancer therapy.  Many Myc target genes have been suggested as attractive targets in battling Myc-driven tumorigenesis.  Surprisingly in paper II, when we analyzed the inhibition of other Myc target genes, such as Ldh, Shmt, and Phgdh, we found that inhibition of these genes did not inhibit Myc-driven tumorigenesis to any significant degree. However, inhibition of Ldh, Phgdh and Shmt2 had a notable effect on in vitro Ras-driven transformation.  These findings suggest that chemotherapeutic inhibition of metabolic genes such as Ldh, Phgdh and Shmt2 may be effective in genetically defined settings, keeping in mind the oncogenic lesion behind the tumor.  The Pim kinase family consists of three serine/threonine kinases, Pim1-3.  In paper III, we found that Pim-3 is a direct Myc target gene and that Pim-3 expression is high in Burkitt Lymphoma samples taken from human patients, as well as spontaneously arising lymphomas from Myc transgenic mice. We also found that inhibition of Pim-3 using a pan-Pim kinase inhibitor, Pimi, in these spontaneously arising Myc lymphomas resulted in caspase independent cell death.  These results indicate that Pim kinase inhibition may be a potential chemotherapeutic strategy in human lymphomas that rely on Pim-3 kinase expression.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Science and Technology), 2011. 56 p.
Keyword
cancer, Myc, metabolism, polyamines, spermidine synthase, glycolysis, lactate dehydrogenase, serine metabolism, Phgdh, folate metabolism, Shmt, Pim kinase, Pim-3 Kinase
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-46564 (URN)978-91-7459-284-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-10-01, Byggnad 6L, Major Groove, Umeå University, Umeå, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-09-07 Created: 2011-09-05 Last updated: 2011-09-26Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Forshell, Linus PlymLi, YongmeiPlym Forshell, Tacha ZiNilsson, LisaNilsson, Jonas
By organisation
Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Science and Technology)
Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyMedical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 120 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf