Differences in fibre type composition between human masseter and biceps muscles in young and adults reveal unique masseter fibre type growth pattern
2011 (English)In: Anatomical Record, ISSN 0003-276X, E-ISSN 1097-0185, Vol. 294, no 7, 1158-1169 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The human jaw system is different from those of other primates, carnivores, ruminants, and rodents in temporomandibular joint and muscle anatomy. In adults, jaw muscles also differ markedly from limb and trunk muscles in composition and distribution of fibre types. It can be assumed that age-related changes between young age to adulthood in terms of craniofacial growth, teeth eruption, and improvement of jaw functions are paralleled by alterations also in composition and distribution of jaw muscle fibre types. To address this question, we have examined the fibre type composition of the human masseter, a jaw closing muscle, at young age. For comparison, the young biceps brachii was examined. The results were compared with previous data for adult masseter and biceps muscles. Young masseter and biceps were similar in that type I fibres outnumbered other fibre types and were of the same diameter. However, they differed in composition of other fibre types. Young masseter contained fibre types I, IM, IIC, IIAB, IIB, and scarce IIA, with regional differences, whereas young biceps showed types I, IIA, IIAB, and few IIB. Young masseter differed from young biceps also by smaller type II fibre diameter and by containing fetal MyHC. In addition, the masseter and biceps differed in age-related changes of composition and distribution of fibre types between young age and adulthood. We conclude that the human masseter is specialized in fibre types already at young age and shows a unique fibre type growth pattern, in concordance with being a separate allotype of muscle.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Liss, Inc. , 2011. Vol. 294, no 7, 1158-1169 p.
enzyme- and immuno-histochemistry, fibre types, jaw, limb, morphology, myosin heavy chain
Research subject Human Anatomy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-46418DOI: 10.1002/ar.21272OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-46418DiVA: diva2:438271