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Abiotic and enzymatic hydrolysis of glucose-6-phosphate on Goethite Particles
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. (Climate Impacts Research Centre, Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umeå)
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Other Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-46554OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-46554DiVA: diva2:438838
Available from: 2011-09-06 Created: 2011-09-05 Last updated: 2011-09-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Surface reactions on mineral particles controlling the hydrolysis of glucose phosphates
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Surface reactions on mineral particles controlling the hydrolysis of glucose phosphates
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Phosphorus (P) is an essential nutrient. A significant amount of soil P may be in the form of organophosphates. Due to the size of these compounds, hydrolysis is often required before P can be assimilated by organisms. Hydrolysis may be mediated by mineral surfaces, or catalyzed by extra cellular enzymes. Since both organophosphates and enzymes have a strong affinity for environmental particles, a study of the hydrolysis of organophosphates must focus on reactions at the water/particle interface. This thesis is a summary of four papers, discussing the adsorption, desorption, and abiotic and enzymatic hydrolysis of glucose-1-phosphate (G1P) and glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) in aqueous goethite suspensions. A new technique for simultaneous infrared and potentiometric titrations (SIPT) allowed in-situ measurements of the interfacial reactions. It was found that glucose phosphates form pH-dependent inner sphere complexes on goethite, which coordinate in a monodentate fashion, and are stabilized by hydrogen bonding. Desorption involves a change in speciation of the surface complexes, illustrating the difficulty in determining desorption rates for individual complexes. The surface mediated hydrolysis is primarily base catalyzed for G1P, and acid catalyzed for G6P. The difference is partly due to electronic factors, and partly to differences in glucose group/goethite interactions. Considerably more extensive is the hydrolysis catalyzed by an acid phosphatase (AcPase). The rate of the enzymatic hydrolysis are strongly dependent on the glucose phosphate surface coverage, showing that surface properties affect the adsorption mode of enzymes, and thus their catalytic activity. In solution, AcPase showed a greater specificity towards G6P, but this specificity was partly lost after adsorption onto goethite.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Kemiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2011
National Category
Other Basic Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-46578 (URN)978-91-7459-270-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-09-30, KBC-huset, KB3A9, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2011-09-09 Created: 2011-09-06 Last updated: 2011-09-06Bibliographically approved

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