Surface reactions on mineral particles controlling the hydrolysis of glucose phosphates
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Phosphorus (P) is an essential nutrient. A significant amount of soil P may be in the form of organophosphates. Due to the size of these compounds, hydrolysis is often required before P can be assimilated by organisms. Hydrolysis may be mediated by mineral surfaces, or catalyzed by extra cellular enzymes. Since both organophosphates and enzymes have a strong affinity for environmental particles, a study of the hydrolysis of organophosphates must focus on reactions at the water/particle interface. This thesis is a summary of four papers, discussing the adsorption, desorption, and abiotic and enzymatic hydrolysis of glucose-1-phosphate (G1P) and glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) in aqueous goethite suspensions. A new technique for simultaneous infrared and potentiometric titrations (SIPT) allowed in-situ measurements of the interfacial reactions. It was found that glucose phosphates form pH-dependent inner sphere complexes on goethite, which coordinate in a monodentate fashion, and are stabilized by hydrogen bonding. Desorption involves a change in speciation of the surface complexes, illustrating the difficulty in determining desorption rates for individual complexes. The surface mediated hydrolysis is primarily base catalyzed for G1P, and acid catalyzed for G6P. The difference is partly due to electronic factors, and partly to differences in glucose group/goethite interactions. Considerably more extensive is the hydrolysis catalyzed by an acid phosphatase (AcPase). The rate of the enzymatic hydrolysis are strongly dependent on the glucose phosphate surface coverage, showing that surface properties affect the adsorption mode of enzymes, and thus their catalytic activity. In solution, AcPase showed a greater specificity towards G6P, but this specificity was partly lost after adsorption onto goethite.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Kemiska institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2011.
Other Basic Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-46578ISBN: 978-91-7459-270-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-46578DiVA: diva2:439068
2011-09-30, KBC-huset, KB3A9, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Hesterberg, Dean L., Professor
Persson, Per, ProfessorGiesler, Reiner, Universitetslektor
List of papers