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Magnesium and cell energetics in plants under anoxia
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC). (Leszek Kleczkowski)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8685-9665
2011 (English)In: Biochemical Journal, ISSN 0264-6021, E-ISSN 1470-8728, Vol. 437, no 3, 373-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Stress conditions (e.g. anoxia) frequently result in a decrease of [ATP] and in an increase of [ADP] and [AMP], with a concomitant increase of [Mg(2+)] and other cations, e.g. Ca(2+). The elevation of [Mg(2+)] is linked to the shift in the apparent equilibrium of adenylate kinase. As a result, enzymes that use Mg(2+) as a cofactor are activated, Ca(2+) activates calcium-dependent signalling pathways, and PP(i) can serve as an alternative energy source in its active form of MgPP(i) or Mg2PP(i). Under anoxic conditions in plants, an important source of PP(i) may come as a result of combined reactions of PK (pyruvate kinase) and PPDK (pyruvate, phosphate dikinase). The PP(i) formed in the PPDK/PK cycle ignites glycolysis in conditions of low [ATP] by involving PP(i)-dependent reactions. This saves ATP and makes metabolism under stress conditions more energy efficient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 437, no 3, 373-9 p.
Keyword [en]
adenylate equilibrium, adenylate kinase (AK), free magnesium, pyruvate, phosphate dikinase (PPDK), pyrophosphate (PPi), thermodynamic buffering.
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-46731DOI: 10.1042/BJ20110213PubMedID: 21749322OAI: diva2:440259
Available from: 2011-09-12 Created: 2011-09-12 Last updated: 2015-04-29Bibliographically approved

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Kleczkowski, Leszek A
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