Characterisation and fingerprinting of PCBs in flue gas and ash from waste incineration and in technical mixtures
2011 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 85, no 3, 509-515 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Congener patterns of mono- to deca-chlorinated biphenyls (PC(1-10)B) were evaluated in (a) waste incineration flue gases collected in the post-combustion zone of a laboratory-scale fluidized-bed reactor, (b) ashes from two different MSW incineration plants, and (c) published data of eight Aroclor formulations. The congener patterns of the flue gases, ashes, and Aroclor mixtures clearly differed from each other, likely reflecting differences in formation pathways. The flue gas congener patterns were largely dominated by the least chlorinated congeners, whereas the ashes displayed more evenly distributed patterns. The most abundant congeners indicated a preference for 3,3',4,4'-oriented substitution, which may be related to de novo-type formation involving perylene. Principal component analysis confirmed that congener patterns differed among the three matrices and also distinguished flue gases collected at 200°C from those collected at 300°C and 450°C. This distinction could be partly explained by the degree of chlorination, although the substitution status of the ortho-position, and substitution in the 3,3',4,4'-positions also seemed to be influential. Injecting biphenyl into the post-combustion zone of the reactor did not alter the patterns, indicating that availability of the backbone structure is not a limiting factor for PCB formation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 85, no 3, 509-515 p.
PCB, combustion samples, aroclor mixtures, congener patterns, PCA
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-46994DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.08.012PubMedID: 21885088OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-46994DiVA: diva2:441815