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Cell wall reactivity of acidophilic and alkaliphilic bacteria determined by potentiometric titrations and Cd adsorption experiments
Department of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA.
Department of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, USA.
2011 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 45, no 10, 4446-4452 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we used potentiometric titrations and Cd adsorption experiments to determine the binding capacities of two acidophilic (A. cryptum and A. acidophilum) and two alkaliphilic (B. pseudofirmus and B. circulans) bacterial species in order to determine if any consistent trends could be observed relating bacterial growth environment to proton and Cd binding properties and to compare those binding behaviors to those of neutrophilic bacteria. All of the bacterial species studied exhibited significant proton buffering over the pH range in this study, with the alkaliphiles exhibiting significantly higher acidity constants than the acidophiles as well as the neutrophilic bacterial consortia. The calculated average site concentrations for each of the bacteria in this study are within 2σ experimental error of each other, with the exception of A. cryptum, which has a significantly higher Site 2 concentration than the other species. Despite differing acidity constants between the acidophiles and alkaliphiles, all bacteria except A. cryptum exhibited remarkably similar Cd adsorption behavior to each other, and the observed extent of adsorption was also similar to that predicted from a generalized model derived using neutrophilic bacterial consortia. This study demonstrates that bacteria that grow under extreme conditions exhibit similar proton and metal adsorption behavior to that of previously studied neutrophilic species and that a single set of proton and metal binding constants can be used to model the behavior of bacterial adsorption under a wide range of environmental conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACS Publications , 2011. Vol. 45, no 10, 4446-4452 p.
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-47521DOI: 10.1021/es200191uPubMedID: 21500771OAI: diva2:442848
Available from: 2011-09-22 Created: 2011-09-22 Last updated: 2013-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Kenney, Janice P L
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