Synchronization in interdependent networks
2011 (English)In: Chaos, ISSN 1054-1500, E-ISSN 1089-7682, Vol. 21, 025106- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We explore the synchronization behavior in interdependent systems, where the one-dimensional (1D) network (the intranetwork coupling strength JI) is ferromagnetically intercoupled (the strength J) to the Watts-Strogatz (WS) small-world network (the intranetwork coupling strength JII). In the absence of the internetwork coupling (J = 0), the former network is well known not to exhibit the synchronized phase at any finite coupling strength, whereas the latter displays the mean-field transition. Through an analytic approach based on the mean-field approximation, it is found that for the weakly coupled 1D network (JI≪1) the increase of J suppresses synchrony, because the nonsynchronized 1D network becomes a heavier burden for the synchronization process of the WS network. As the coupling in the 1D network becomes stronger, it is revealed by the renormalization group (RG) argument that the synchronization is enhanced as JI is increased, implying that the more enhanced partial synchronization in the 1D network makes the burden lighter. Extensive numerical simulations confirm these expected behaviors, while exhibiting a reentrant behavior in the intermediate range of JI. The nonmonotonic change of the critical value of JII is also compared with the result from the numerical RG calculation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Institute of Physics (AIP) , 2011. Vol. 21, 025106- p.
Research subject Theoretical Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-47625DOI: doi:10.1063/1.3596698OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-47625DiVA: diva2:443679