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Blocking cd47/ox101 makes the astrocytes permissive for nerve fiber growth
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB).
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB).
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB).
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB).
2011 (English)In: Glia: 10th European meeting on Glial Cells in Health and Disease, New York, N.Y.: Wiley-Liss, Inc. , 2011, Vol. 59, S105-S106 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Crosstalk between astroglia and nerve fiber outgrowth might be an underlying mechanism for regeneration of nerve fibers and can be used in treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. This crosstalk might occur through the integrin-associated protein (CD47 in mouse or OX101 in rat), which serves as a ligand for signal regulatory protein-α (Sirpα) (P84/SHPS-1 in mouse or OX41 in rat), and as a receptor for thrombospondin (TSP). In the present study the localization of OX101 was assessed in organotypic tissue cultures from ventral mesencephalon (VM) of embryonic day (E) 14 rat fetuses, and its presence in astrocytes was observed. Thereafter, the effect of OX101 was blocked in E14 VM cultures by treatment with OX101 antibodies. A robust tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)- positive nerve fiber outgrowth was observed using immuohistochemistry. In addition, the neurons had migrated from the tissue slice. This result was in parallel with results achieved from E14 cultures of CD47 knockout mice, in which TH–positive nerve fiber growth was robust and independent of the presence of astrocytes, whilst in wildtype cultures nerve fibers were restricted to the astrocytes. Thus, these data demonstrate that CD47/OX101 can be an important molecule, which normally is produced by astrocytes and in its absence, the astrocytes become more permissive for nerve fiber growth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, N.Y.: Wiley-Liss, Inc. , 2011. Vol. 59, S105-S106 p.
Series
Glia, ISSN 1098-1136 ; Vol. 59 Suppl. 1
Keyword [en]
CD47; SIRPa; TSP
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-47371OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-47371DiVA: diva2:443732
Conference
10th European Meeting on Glial Cells in Health and Disease, 13-17 September, 2011 i Prag, Tjeckien
Available from: 2011-09-26 Created: 2011-09-20 Last updated: 2011-09-26Bibliographically approved

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Hashemian, Sanaz AlsadatMarschinke, FranziskaOldenborg, Per-ArneStrömberg, Ingrid
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