Breast cancer multifocality, disease extent, and survival
2011 (English)In: Human Pathology, ISSN 0046-8177, E-ISSN 1532-8392, Vol. 42, no 11, 1761-1769 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The prognostic information implied in subgross morphologic parameters such as lesion distribution (unifocal, multifocal, or diffuse) and disease extent in breast cancer has remained largely unexplored in the literature. We aimed to test whether these parameters influence survival in breast carcinoma. The parameters were assessed in a series of 574 cases, all documented in large-format histology sections. We used Cox proportional hazards regression accompanied by Kaplan-Meyer survival curves, with P < .05 regarded as significant. The invasive component was unifocal in 62% (311/499), multifocal in 24% (122/499), and diffuse in 5% (26/499) of the cases. Combining the in situ and invasive tumor components resulted in 48% (274/574) unifocal, 25% (141/574) multifocal, and 20% (117/574) diffuse tumors. Sixty percent (347/574) of the tumors were categorized as having limited extent (occupying an area <40 mm in largest dimension) and 29% (164/574) as extensive. Highly significant (P < .0001) differences were observed in 10-year disease-specific cumulative survival among the cases with unifocal, multifocal, and diffuse invasive (89.6%, 76.0%, and 63.6%, respectively) and combined (92.3%, 82.3%, and 75.7%, respectively) lesion distribution. Patients with extensive tumors exhibited a significantly lower cumulative survival (P < .0001) compared with those with limited extent (91.6% and 75.5%) and a statistically significantly 1.89-fold (95% confidence interval, 1.07-3.37; P = .03) risk for breast cancer death after controlling for tumor attributes, type of surgery, and adjuvant therapy. The hazard ratio for breast cancer death for mutifocal and/or diffuse tumors versus unifocal ones was 1.96 (95%; 1.11-3.48; P = .02) after controlling for the same factors. Lesion distribution and disease extent represent important independent survival-related prognostic parameters in breast carcinoma.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders , 2011. Vol. 42, no 11, 1761-1769 p.
Breast cancer, Subgross distribution, Multifocality, Disease extent, Large-section histopathology, Survival
Cancer and Oncology
Research subject Oncology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-48185DOI: 10.1016/j.humpath.2011.02.002PubMedID: 21663941OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-48185DiVA: diva2:446973