Heart rate variability in children with fontan circulation: lateral tunnel and extracardiac conduit
2012 (English)In: Pediatric Cardiology, ISSN 0172-0643, E-ISSN 1432-1971, Vol. 33, no 2, 307-315 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The technique in Fontan surgery has developed from the lateral tunnel (LT) toward the extracardiac conduit (EC) used to reduce long-term complications such as atrial arrhythmia and sinus node dysfunction. Heart rate variability (HRV) examines cardiac nervous activity controlling the sinus node. This study aimed to investigate HRV in a cohort of children with univentricular hearts, focusing on the relation between HRV and surgical procedure. For 112 children with Fontan circulation, HRV was analyzed using power spectral analysis. Spectral power was determined in three regions: very-low-frequency (VLF), low-frequency (LF), and high-frequency (HF) regions. Patients were compared with 66 healthy controls subject. Patients with LT were compared with patients who had EC. The children with Fontan circulation showed a significantly reduced HRV including total power (P < 0.0001), VLF (P < 0.0001), LF (P < 0.0001), and HF (P = 0.001) compared with the control subjects. The LT and EC patients did not differ significantly. Reduced HRV was found in both the LT and EC patients. In terms of HRV reduction, EC was not superior to LT.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2012. Vol. 33, no 2, 307-315 p.
Extracardiac conduit, Fontan circulation, Heart rate variability, Lateral tunnel
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-48274DOI: 10.1007/s00246-011-0126-2ISI: 000299505500016PubMedID: 21984213OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-48274DiVA: diva2:447857