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Absorptive, innovative and adaptive capabilities and their impact on project and project portfolio performance
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business. (BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway)
2011 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to explore how absorptive, innovative and adaptive capabilities within the early project phases affect project and portfolio performance within the R&D of pharmaceutical and biotechnology organizations. The study follows a sequential mixed method with an initial qualitative study and a subsequent quantitative study. The results show that the set of absorptive, innovative and adaptive capabilities has an overall effect on the set of performance outcomes composed of short- and long-term project success and portfolio performance. This result confirms the findings of the qualitative study that a distinct capability mix is needed in the pharmaceutical R&D process. Within the set of capabilities, absorptive and adaptive capabilities are the primary contributors to the performance outcome, whereas innovative capabilities are a minor contributor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
Keyword [en]
Absorptive Capabilities, Innovative Capabilities, Adaptive Capabilities, Project Performance, Portfolio Performance
National Category
Social Sciences Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-48607OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-48607DiVA: diva2:451489
Conference
IRNOP conference 2011
Note
this is a revised conference paper that is currently under review in an academic journal Available from: 2011-10-26 Created: 2011-10-26 Last updated: 2011-10-26Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Capabilities for frequent innovation: Managing the early project phases in the pharmaceutical R&D process
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Capabilities for frequent innovation: Managing the early project phases in the pharmaceutical R&D process
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Despite their recognized significance for project success and innovation, the management of the early project phases is still an under-researched area in project management. For organizations to secure a continuous stream of innovation, the utilization of capabilities is crucial for managing the early phases of R&D projects.

The purpose of this dissertation is to advance the understanding of the management of the early project phases in hypercompetitive environments. The thesis addresses the research question of how organizations manage the early project phases of R&D in hypercompetitive environments for frequent innovation by taking a dynamic capabilities perspective.

The first conceptual study reviews the literature covering organizational change in hypercompetitive environments with a focus on projects as the vehicle to create the necessary flexibility. The study found that organizational aspects and capabilities have to go hand in hand as enabler and facilitator for a successful emergent change process.

The second qualitative study investigates how organizations organize the early project phases of R&D in the pharmaceutical industry for an outcome of frequent innovation. The findings show that an optimization of combinative capabilities that balances dynamic, project and multi-project capabilities can be used as a powerful leverage to boost the outcome of frequent innovation.

The third study investigates the philosophical stances and related methodologies used within the last 15 years of project management research at the example of IRNOP conferences. The findings show that ontological subjectivism and epistemological interpretivism are dominating. Moreover, case studies and qualitative methods were the most common methods, whereas mixed method studies were lacking despite their value for developing an increasingly complex research field.

The final mixed method study explores how absorptive, innovative and adaptive capabilities within the early phases of pharmaceutical R&D affect project and portfolio performance. Based on the results of quantitative study, the set of capabilities has an overall effect on the set of performance outcomes and thus confirms the results of the qualitative study that a distinct capability mix is needed in the pharmaceutical R&D process.

To conclude, the dissertation has comprehensively explored the management of the early project phases through four studies and by applying a multitude of methodologies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå School of Business, 2011. 109 + 4 papers p.
Series
Studier i företagsekonomi. Serie B, ISSN 0346-8291 ; 80
Keyword
Project management research, early project phases, dynamic capabilities, project capabilities, multi-project capabilities, pharmaceutical innovation, hypercompetition, R&D
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-48634 (URN)978-91-7459-312-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-11-17, Samhällsvetarhuset, Hörsal s213h, Umeå University, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-10-27 Created: 2011-10-26 Last updated: 2011-10-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Language
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