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Differentiation-specific alterations to glutathione synthesis in and hormonally stimulated release from human skeletal muscle cells.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
2002 (English)In: The FASEB Journal, ISSN 0892-6638, E-ISSN 1530-6860, Vol. 16, no 3, 435-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Muscle atrophy and cachexia are associated with many human diseases. These catabolic states are often associated with the loss of glutathione (GSH), which is thought to contribute to the induction of oxidative stress within the muscle. Glutathione synthesis and secretary characteristics were studied in human skeletal muscle myoblasts and myotube-like cells derived from the myoblasts by growth factor restriction. Differentiation was associated with a shift in the sulfur amino acid precursor specificity for synthesis of GSH from cystine to cysteine, as well as loss in ability to use extracellular glutathione and activation of methionine use. The thiol drug N-acetylcysteine was also shown to be an effective precursor irrespective of the state of differentiation. Additionally, myoblasts and myotube cultures were shown to secrete GSH continually, but only the differentiated cells responded to stress hormones such as glucagon, vasopressin, and phenylephrine, by increased secretion of the tripeptide. The data suggest that the skeletal muscle cells may provide an important hormonally regulated extra-hepatic source of systemic GSH and also shed light on the mechanisms of accelerated turnover of GSH operating during strenuous muscle activity and trauma. The data may also provide biochemical rationales for the nutritional and/or pharmacological manipulation of GSH with sulfur amino acid precursors during the treatment of muscle-specific oxidative stress and atrophy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 16, no 3, 435-7 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-48622DOI: 10.1096/fj.01-0685fjePubMedID: 11821257OAI: diva2:451548
Available from: 2011-10-26 Created: 2011-10-26 Last updated: 2011-10-26

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