Allantoin formation and urate and glutathione exchange in human muscle during submaximal exercise.
2001 (English)In: Free Radical Biology & Medicine, ISSN 0891-5849, E-ISSN 1873-4596, Vol. 31, no 11, 1313-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Seven males performed two exhaustive cycling bouts (EX1 and EX2) at a work-rate of 90% of maximal oxygen uptake, separated by 60 min. During EX1 there was a significant accumulation of urate (from 0.16 +/- 0.02 to 0.27 +/- 0.03 micromol/kg d.w.) and allantoin (from 0.39 +/- 0.05 to 0.69 +/- 0.14 micromol/kg d.w.) in the muscle. An uptake of urate was observed in early recovery from EX1 (0-9 min: 486 +/- 136 micromol; p <.05). There was no exchange of total glutathione or cysteine over the muscle either during or after exercise, and muscle and plasma total glutathione remained unaltered (p <.05). The glycogen levels were lowered by 40% at the onset of EX2, yet the level of oxidative stress in EX1 and EX2 was similar as evidenced by a similar increase in muscle allantoin in both exercise bouts. The data suggest that urate is utilized as antioxidant in human skeletal muscle and that reactive oxygen species are formed in muscle during intense submaximal exercise. No net exchange of glutathione appears to occur over the muscle either at rest, during exercise or in recovery. Moreover, when an exhaustive exercise bout is repeated with lowered glycogen levels, the level of oxidative stress is not different than that of the first bout.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 31, no 11, 1313-22 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-48623PubMedID: 11728802OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-48623DiVA: diva2:451549