Detection of Puumala and Rift Valley Fever virus by quantitative RT-PCR and virus viability tests in samples of blood dried and stored on filter paper
2011 (English)In: Journal of Virological Methods, ISSN 0166-0934, E-ISSN 1879-0984, Vol. 178, no 1-2, 186-90 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Haemorrhagic fever viruses cause emerging infections worldwide, and blood or serum is the main sample used for diagnosis. However, storage and transportation of such samples from remote areas to regional laboratories may be complicated and expensive. In this study, a novel approach was evaluated for the detection of Puumala hantavirus (PUUV) RNA and Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) RNA. Whole-blood samples spiked with viable virus particles were tested in parallel with clinical samples from patients with acute haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (nephropathia epidemica). Individual blood samples were spotted on filter paper, dried, and used for RNA extraction at later time points. PUUV RNA was detected by RT-PCR after storage at room temperature for up to six weeks. In contrast, only low copy numbers of RVFV RNA were detected after 1-2 days even though viable RVFV was eluted from the dried filter papers after the same time. The use of filter paper to collect and store blood samples for PUUV RNA detection is therefore a simple and reliable procedure. This approach might facilitate sampling and analysis of other RNA viruses from human or animal sources and could be used for field studies in remote areas or in developing countries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier , 2011. Vol. 178, no 1-2, 186-90 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-48992DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2011.09.010PubMedID: 21946288OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-48992DiVA: diva2:452541