Photoinhibition and recovery of photosynthesis in intact barley leaves at 5 and 20°C
1991 (English)In: Physiologia Plantarum: An International Journal for Plant Biology, ISSN 0031-9317, E-ISSN 1399-3054, Vol. 81, no 2, 203-210 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Photoinhibition of photosynthesis and its recovery were studied in intact barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Gunilla) leaves grown in a controlled environment by exposing them to two temperatures, 5 and 20-degrees-C, and a range of photon flux densities in excess of that during growth. Additionally, photoinhibition was examined in the presence of chloramphenicol (CAP, an inhibitor of chloroplast protein synthesis) and of 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU). Susceptibility to photoinhibition was much higher at 5 than at 20-degrees-C. Furthermore, at 20-degrees-C CAP exacerbated photoinhibition strongly, whereas CAP had little additional effect (10%) at 5-degrees-C. These results support the model that net photoinhibition is the difference between the inactivation and repair of photosystem II (PSII); i.e. the degradation and synthesis of the reaction centre protein, D1. Furthermore, the steady-state extent of photoinhibition was strongly dependent on temperature and the results indicated this was manifested through the effects of temperature on the repair process of PSII. We propose that the continuous repair of PSII at 20-degrees-C conferred at least some protection from photoinhibition. At 5-degrees-C the repair process was largely inhibited, with increased photoinhibition as a consequence. However, we suggest where repair is inhibited by low temperature, some protection is alternatively conferred by the photoinhibited reaction centres. Providing they are not degraded, such centres could still dissipate excitation energy non-radiatively, thereby conferring protection of remaining photochemically active centres under steady-state conditions. A fraction of PS II centres were capable of resisting photoinhibition when the repair process was inhibited by CAP. This is discussed in relation to PS II heterogeneity. Furthermore, the repair process was not apparently activated within 3 h when barley leaves were transferred to photoinhibitory light conditions at 20-degrees-C.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1991. Vol. 81, no 2, 203-210 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-46882DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1991.tb02130.xISI: A1991EZ69900009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-46882DiVA: diva2:455530