Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Mediterranean dietary pattern and cancer risk in the EPIC cohort.
Show others and affiliations
2011 (English)In: British Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0007-0920, E-ISSN 1532-1827, Vol. 104, no 9, 1493-1499 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Although several studies have investigated the association of the Mediterranean diet with overall mortality or risk of specific cancers, data on overall cancer risk are sparse.

METHODS: We examined the association between adherence to Mediterranean dietary pattern and overall cancer risk using data from the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and nutrition, a multi-centre prospective cohort study including 142,605 men and 335,873. Adherence to Mediterranean diet was examined using a score (range: 0-9) considering the combined intake of fruits and nuts, vegetables, legumes, cereals, lipids, fish, dairy products, meat products, and alcohol. Association with cancer incidence was assessed through Cox regression modelling, controlling for potential confounders.

RESULTS: In all, 9669 incident cancers in men and 21,062 in women were identified. A lower overall cancer risk was found among individuals with greater adherence to Mediterranean diet (hazard ratio=0.96, 95% CI 0.95-0.98) for a two-point increment of the Mediterranean diet score. The apparent inverse association was stronger for smoking-related cancers than for cancers not known to be related to tobacco (P (heterogeneity)=0.008). In all, 4.7% of cancers among men and 2.4% in women would be avoided in this population if study subjects had a greater adherence to Mediterranean dietary pattern.

CONCLUSION: Greater adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern could reduce overall cancer risk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2011. Vol. 104, no 9, 1493-1499 p.
Keyword [en]
Ovarian cancer, metabolic syndrome, cohort study, CONOR, incidence, mortality
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-49641DOI: 10.1038/bjc.2011.106PubMedID: 21468044OAI: diva2:456242
Available from: 2011-11-14 Created: 2011-11-14 Last updated: 2015-04-22Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hallmans, GöranJohansson, Ingegerd
By organisation
Nutritional ResearchCariology
In the same journal
British Journal of Cancer
Cancer and Oncology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 40 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link