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Neoliberalization of housing in Sweden: gentrification, filtering, and social polarization
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
2012 (English)In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, ISSN 0004-5608, E-ISSN 1467-8306, Vol. 102, no 2, 443-463 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During the last twenty-five years, housing policy in Sweden has radically changed. Once forming a pillar of the comprehensive welfare system, abbreviated the “Swedish model,” neoliberal housing politics have established market-governed housing provision with a minimum of state engagement. This shift has had consequences on the social geography of housing conditions. The research reported here analyzes social geographic change in Sweden's three largest cities—Stockholm, Gothenburg, and Malmö—between 1986 and 2001, relating observed patterns of gentrification and filtering to cycles of accumulation and to neoliberalization of housing policies. First, we outline the neoliberalization of Swedish housing policies. We then present an empirical analysis of gentrification and filtering in the three cities, spanning two boom periods (1986–1991, 1996–2001) and a bust period (1991–1996). The data reveal social geographic polarization manifested in the growth of supergentrification and low-income filtering. The analysis also introduces the concept of ordinary gentrification, supporting the move in gentrification research toward a broad generic conception of the process. Political reforms after 2001 are summarized and we argue that these underlie the continued increase in inequality and that the social geographic polarization mapped between 1986 and 2001 has probably intensified during this decade.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 102, no 2, 443-463 p.
Keyword [en]
filtering, gentrification, housing policy, neoliberalism, Sweden
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-49672DOI: 10.1080/00045608.2011.620508OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-49672DiVA: diva2:456441
Available from: 2011-11-14 Created: 2011-11-14 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Lundholm, EmmaMalmberg, Gunnar

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Centre for Population Studies (CPS)Department of Geography and Economic History
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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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