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Ethnic tourism in Lao PDR: gendered divisions of labour in community-based tourism for poverty reduction
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
2014 (English)In: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, Vol. 17, no 4, 350-362 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A simultaneous analysis of gender and ethnicity provides a fuller understanding of how tourism initiatives benefit marginalised groups in developing countries. In this article, the gendered division of labour is analysed as a way to understand the micro-politics of ethnic tourism production aiming at poverty reduction in Laos. The aim is to demonstrate how constructions of gender and ethnicity impact on women's possibilities to benefit from community-based pro-poor tourism initiatives. Socially constructed notions of gendered behaviour influence divisions of tourism labour in specific spatialities, which we argue is crucial knowledge in the implementation of tourism projects aiming at poverty reduction. The assumption that 'the poor' constitute a homogenous group might hide an uneven distribution of tourism benefits in local communities. By focusing on factors which marginalise women, the article demonstrates inequalities between men and women in the division of tourism work. A village in northern Laos is used as a case study to examine aspects impacting on gendered divisions of labour in community-based tourism in Laos. Two examples, the Akha people's belief in and worship of spirits, and provision of massage, are used to illuminate reasons behind gendered imbalances in more detail.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 17, no 4, 350-362 p.
Keyword [en]
gender, ethnic minorities, community-based tourism, pro-poor tourism, Lao PDR
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-50079DOI: 10.1080/13683500.2012.721758ISI: 000335196200005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-50079DiVA: diva2:458991
Available from: 2011-11-24 Created: 2011-11-24 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. International tourism development and poverty reduction in Lao PDR
Open this publication in new window or tab >>International tourism development and poverty reduction in Lao PDR
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2011. 84 p.
Series
GERUM, ISSN 1402-5205 ; 2011:4
Keyword
pro-poor tourism, tourism development, poverty reduction, ethnic tourism, gender, Laos
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-50070 (URN)978-91-978344-8-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-12-16, Samverkanhuset, Triple Helix, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-11-25 Created: 2011-11-24 Last updated: 2011-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Phommavong, SaithongSörensson, Erika

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Phommavong, SaithongSörensson, Erika
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Department of Social and Economic GeographyUmeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS)Department of Geography and Economic History
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