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What is the economic impact of ecotourism for the poor in Lao PDR?
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Ecotourism has been promoted not least as a tool for reducing poverty in developing countries. This article quantifies the economic impact at the household level of two community-based ecotourism projects in northern Laos; one project is private and the other is publicly owned. This is done to illustrate how much economic benefit is distributed to poor households in the two communities. The study finds that ecotourism provides various linkage opportunities to the local economy through employment in the forms of guiding, cooking, massage, handicraft and accommodation. However, the distribution of income is maintaining inequality among different classes in these two communities. Gini coefficients show lower inequality in the village where the privately owned ecotourism company is based. The distributional effect of tourism income still spreads out unevenly between different groups of people in both cases. A minority of the population receives nearly half of their income from the publicly owned businesses. Thus ecotourism projects for poverty reduction cannot be assumed to provide benefits equally to all households. It is thus argued that poverty reduction measures should focus on the lowest income group. 

Keyword [en]
ecotourism, income equality, economic impact, linkage, poverty reduction, Lao PDR
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-50081OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-50081DiVA: diva2:458994
Available from: 2011-11-24 Created: 2011-11-24 Last updated: 2011-11-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. International tourism development and poverty reduction in Lao PDR
Open this publication in new window or tab >>International tourism development and poverty reduction in Lao PDR
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2011. 84 p.
Series
GERUM, ISSN 1402-5205 ; 2011:4
Keyword
pro-poor tourism, tourism development, poverty reduction, ethnic tourism, gender, Laos
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-50070 (URN)978-91-978344-8-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-12-16, Samverkanhuset, Triple Helix, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-11-25 Created: 2011-11-24 Last updated: 2011-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Phommavong, SaithongMüller, Dieter K.

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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  • de-DE
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