Radiation doses in examination of lower third molars with computed tomography and conventional radiography.
2008 (English)In: Dento-Maxillo-Facial Radiology, ISSN 0250-832X, Vol. 37, no 8, 445-452 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: To measure organ doses and calculate effective doses for pre-operative radiographic examination of lower third molars with CT and conventional radiography (CR).
METHODS: Measurements of organ doses were made on an anthropomorphic head phantom with lithium fluoride thermoluminescent dosemeters. The dosemeters were placed in regions corresponding to parotid and submandibular glands, mandibular bone, thyroid gland, skin, eye lenses and brain. The organ doses were used for the calculation of effective doses according to proposed International Commission on Radiological Protection 2005 guidelines. For the CT examination, a Siemens Somatom Plus 4 Volume Zoom was used and exposure factors were set to 120 kV and 100 mAs. For conventional radiographs, a Scanora unit was used and panoramic, posteroanterior, stereographic (scanogram) and conventional spiral tomographic views were exposed.
RESULTS: The effective doses were 0.25 mSv, 0.060 mSv and 0.093 mSv for CT, CR without conventional tomography and CR with conventional spiral tomography, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: The effective dose is low when CT examination with exposure factors optimized for the examination of bone structures is performed. However, the dose is still about four times as high as for CR without tomography. CT should therefore not be a standard method for the examination of lower third molars. In cases where there is a close relationship between the tooth and the inferior alveolar nerve the advantages of true sectional imaging, such as CT, outweighs the higher effective dose and is recommended. Further reduction in the dose is feasible with further optimization of examination protocols and the development of newer techniques.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 37, no 8, 445-452 p.
thermoluminescent dosimetry, third molar, computed tomography, dental radiography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-50297DOI: 10.1259/dmfr/86360042PubMedID: 19033429OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-50297DiVA: diva2:461659