Photojournalism's White Mythologies: Eliot Elisofon and LIFE in Africa, 1959-1961
2012 (English)In: Research in African Literatures, ISSN 0034-5210, E-ISSN 1527-2044, Vol. 43, no 3, 84-105 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This is a close study of the LIFE photo-essay “A Writer's Land of Primitive, Eloquent Beauty: Storied World of Africa” (1961) by Eliot Elisofon. His double-faced essay contains eighteen photos, which he took during an extended travel on the continent in September-December 1959, and fourteen literary extracts from the Western canon that accompany the visual material. I identify the socio-political context and the visual/literary conventions within which the photos were taken, explore the photo-essay's racist story-telling and panoptic and mythological viewing of Africa and allege, tentatively, the LIFE essay's duplicitous role in Cold War American politics of the time. The LIFE essay solidified time-worn mythological concepts of Africa championing them as pseudo-historical facts with particular regions as their strongholds. East Africa was depicted as Animal Eden; Apartheid's South Africa, as balanced Boer Freedom; Congo, as the Land of Savagery; West Africa, as Nakedness. The purpose of the LIFE essay, I demonstrate, was to trivialize and demonize the post-colonial process in Africa. Eliot Elisofon's 1959 travel contained three other projects, two of which (a coverage of “new” Nigeria and extensive aerial expeditions) were implicated in the same LIFE narrative of Cold War stewardship. I discuss these two only provisionally.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Ohio State University, 2012. Vol. 43, no 3, 84-105 p.
colonial photography, masculinity in travel, utility and aestheticsm
Research subject Social and Economic Geography; History Of Art; Literature
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-50638DOI: 10.2979/reseafrilite.43.3.84OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-50638DiVA: diva2:466577